What properties does basil have?

Aromatic basil is able to transform any dish and give it a new piquant taste. And is it useful? Let's find out!

Plant description

Basil is an annual shrub with leaves painted in shades of green or purple. There are several varieties, and each has a special aroma, which can include spicy, anise, tart, camphor, pepper and even vanilla notes. It is for the smell of the plant is valued and thanks to him is widely used in cooking. But also basil can be used in folk medicine, since it has amazing properties.

An interesting fact: the name of the plant is borrowed from the Latin language, but has no exact translation. Basil is also called sweet cornflower, Raykhon or Reykhan.


Basil contains a large amount of essential oils, which give the plant’s terrestrial parts unique bright aromas. But it also contains various beneficial substances: glycosides, tannins, saponins, sugars, phytoncides, vitamins C, P, groups B and A.Caloric content is negligible and is not more than 25-27 kilocalories per hundred grams.


The main beneficial properties of basil:

  • Since it contains a lot of vitamin C, the plant strengthens the immune system and increases the body's resistance to attacks of various pathogenic microorganisms.
  • Basil is a great natural antiseptic, which helps to destroy bacteria, viruses and fungi. Due to such properties, it can be used in the treatment of various infections.
  • Ascorbic acid helps to strengthen the vascular walls, reduces their fragility and prevents stretching.
  • Vitamin A restores and protects the mucous membranes, as well as improves the condition of the skin and normalizes their structure. For these reasons, the plant can be considered especially beneficial for women.
  • Basil has a wound healing plant and stimulates the accelerated regeneration of damaged tissues.
  • The plant is especially useful in treating diseases of the respiratory tract, as it contains phytoncides: these biologically active volatile substances inhibit the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms by entering the respiratory tract.
  • Basil is able to normalize digestive processes and improve appetite, as well as reduce gassing in the intestine.
  • The plant has diuretic properties, thanks to which it improves the functioning of the kidneys, helps to remove sand from them and dissolve small stones.
  • Basil is good for eyesight, as it helps to maintain its sharpness and prevent the development of cataracts and glaucoma.
  • In the composition there are vitamins of group B, and they, firstly, are necessary for ensuring normal metabolism, and secondly, contribute to the normal functioning of the nervous system: ensure the conduction of nerve impulses, improve sleep.
  • Basil is effective in diseases of the oral cavity and gums, accompanied by inflammation and an unpleasant odor.
  • The plant is useful for the body and for the reason that protects it from the extremely negative effects of free radicals. Antioxidant properties allow you to prevent cell mutation and slow down the aging process of all tissues.

In which cases is contraindicated?

Such a useful basil has some contraindications to use. These include diabetes, clotting disorders, thrombosis,some diseases of the cardiovascular system, thrombophlebitis, pregnancy, vascular dystonia and breastfeeding. In any case, if you plan to use the plant for medicinal purposes, it is obligatory to consult a doctor.

Cooking Application

Basil is widely used in cooking, both fresh and dried. Fresh greens can be added to various salads, and purple bright leaves will look especially interesting. Dried basil will be a great addition to hot dishes and side dishes.

Good to know: Basil is especially good with tomatoes, pickled cheeses, green vegetables, eggs, fish, lamb and pork. It will also make it possible to brighten the taste of pasta and flour products, such as pasta or pizza.

Use in folk medicine

Given the healing properties of fragrant basil, it can be concluded that it has received widespread use in traditional medicine. Here are a few recipes:

  1. For diseases of the oral cavity, you can just chew a few fresh leaves and for a while leave them in your mouth, and then spit it out.
  2. Useful tea with basil.You can prepare it by brewing a teaspoon of the dried plant with one glass of boiling water and infusing a drink for five minutes. Cool the tea, strain and drink. You can also add a sprig of fresh basil to the finished hot drink so that it acquires a bright aroma and becomes more useful.
  3. For various wounds and dermatological diseases, fresh greens will do. Grind it in any way, turning it into a slurry, and then apply a mass to the inflammation, cover it with a film and leave it for a while. Such applications can be done twice a day.
  4. Prepare a decoction: pour two large spoons of dried basil with 400 ml of freshly boiled water, pour the mixture into a refractory container and place it on the stove. Tomite liquid for ten minutes, insist another half hour, then filter and take one or two spoons before meals two or three times a day.

Tip: Basil can be used for cosmetic purposes. To do this, simply add fresh, pre-crushed herbs to your homemade or ready-made masks just before applying.

If you still do not use basil, then be sure to start doing it, because such a plant is very useful. But remember about contraindications.

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