What is flatulence
Causes of flatulence
The causes of this disease are quite diverse. Flatulence may occur in a newborn as a result of a violation or imperfection of the enzyme system. An insufficient amount of enzymes can lead to ingress of undigested food particles in the lower intestinal tract, the appearance of rotting processes, as well as fermentation with the active release of gases. Violation of fermentation can also occur in violation of the microflora of the colon, the presence of diseases of the digestive system (duodenitis, cholecystitis, gastritis, pancreatitis, hepatitis).Under normal conditions, most of the gases are absorbed by the bacteria that live in the intestines. If the balance between gas consuming and gas producing organisms is disturbed, flatulence occurs.
Disorders of the motor activity of the intestine and its stretching is another mechanism that triggers flatulence. Very often, this problem occurs after surgery, after which intestinal motility is disturbed.The slow passage of food masses enhances putrefactive and fermentation processes with high gas generation. Gas in the lumen of the sedentary intestine causes paroxysmal severe pain.Three types of gases are formed in the intestines: ingested from the blood, formed in the lumen of the cecum, and swallowed air. Under normal conditions, the gastrointestinal tract contains about 200 milliliters of gases.
The cause of flatulence can be food. In addition to products that contain coarse fiber, legumes, can also include soda, lamb meat, kvass, rye bread. Emotional overload and nervous disorders can lead to increased gas formation by slowing down peristalsis and spasm of the muscles of the intestine.
Symptoms of flatulence
Usually flatulence is manifested by the presence of cramping pains and abdominal distention, may be accompanied by belching, constipation, nausea, loss of appetite or diarrhea. There are two main options for the manifestation of flatulence. In the first case, the main manifestation of flatulence is a significant increase in the abdomen, because of a spasm of the large intestine there is no discharge of gases. The main sensations are pain, discomfort and abdominal distention.The second option is characterized by rapid discharge of gases, which limits the stay in society. Pain in this case is mild, there are complaints of rumbling in the stomach.
Treatment of flatulence
Stop suffering, it's time to deal with a pressing problem. The principle of treatment is to eliminate the causes of increased gas formation. Typically, treatment includes the following steps: diet correction, restoration of motor disorders, removal of gases from the intestinal lumen, treatment of disorders of the intestinal biocenosis. In the treatment using activated carbon, "Polyphepan", "Polysorb", white clay and "Dimethicone". These drugs reduce the absorption of toxins, gases and other compounds, contribute to their removal.