What is anemia?
Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells (red cells) is reduced and the hemoglobin content in the blood is reduced.
Hemoglobin formation mechanism
Hemoglobin is an iron-protein compound found in red blood cells. The function of hemoglobin is to obtain oxygen in the lungs and return it to all organs and tissues of the body. In other words, hemoglobin carries oxygen. If the hemoglobin level falls, the body receives little oxygen and little energy for life. A person develops anemia.
The hemoglobin rate for men is one hundred thirty - one hundred sixty grams per liter of blood and one hundred twenty - one hundred forty seven for women.
Types of anemia
Anemias are divided into three groups:
- Post-hemorrhagic anemia (chronic and acute);
- Hemolytic anemia;
- Anemia caused by blood disorders.
Post-hemorrhagic anemia can be acute, it is a massive single blood loss. Or maybe chronic anemia. Its appearance contributes to poor diet (lack of fish and meat) or frequent blood loss.
Hemolytic anemia is anemia resulting from increased blood destruction. This anemia can be hereditary or acquired.
Anemia, which has arisen due to impaired blood formation, may be iron deficient (iron deficiency), folic-B12-deficient (lack of vitamin B12 and folic acid), refractory (bone marrow disease).
Now let's talk about the reasons that lead to this state.
Causes of anemia
- Blood loss. There are obvious and hidden. Apparent blood loss can occur during heavy menstruation in women during operations. And hidden blood loss occurs in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, uterine myoma, ovarian cyst.
- Donation If a person often donates blood.
- Certain processes that lead to the destruction of red blood cells (hereditary diseases, autoimmune diseases).
- Unbalanced nutrition.
What symptoms suggest that you have anemia?
- Dizziness and weakness;
- Low blood pressure;
- Dry skin;
- Pallor of the skin;
- Hair loss;
- Heartbeat too fast;
- Violation of taste (I want to eat chalk, coal, sand or dough, raw cereals, minced, raw pasta);
- Violation of smell (exhaust smells, paints, nail polish, acetone are pleasant smells for the patient).
- Temperature rise without cause to thirty-seven degrees;
If you have several of these symptoms, be sure to consult a doctor. The sooner a diagnosis is made, the sooner the treatment will be carried out.
Treatment of anemia
So, you know that you have anemia, how to treat this condition?
Treatment of anemia begins with the elimination of the causes of its development. That is, micro and macrocirculation are removed (for example, ulcers are treated, uterine fibroids are removed). Next, prescribe iron supplements. Iron can be administered intravenously or intramuscularly. And you can also take drugs in the form of tablets. The dose of iron should not be excessive, from about one hundred to three hundred milligrams per day.
If low hemoglobin is associated with a lack of vitamin B12, injections of this vitamin are prescribed. The dose of the drug should be about 200-500 mg once a day. It is necessary to do injections within one or one and a half months.
When the effect is achieved, the treatment does not stop.Taking iron and injecting vitamin B12 should take at least three months. Possible and long, up to six months, treatment.
Thus, treatment for anemia is aimed at normalizing hematological parameters and restoring the amount of iron in the blood.
In addition, you must follow a diet
Be sure to include in the daily diet:
- Lean meat and fish;
- Rye bread;
- Brewer's yeast;
- Buckwheat groats;
- Sesame seeds;
- Black currant;
- Low-fat cottage cheese;
- Almond nut;
- Different vegetables and fruits.