What are the ovaries?

The ovaries are one of the most important reproductive organs of the female body. Their main function is the formation of female germ cells - the eggs involved in the fertilization process. In addition, the ovaries produce a number of hormones necessary for the flow of important biochemical processes.

Why do we need ovaries

The formation of the ovaries is completed by 15 - 18 years of age. At the same time, the formation of the menstrual cycle takes place, for which two main hormones take responsibility. One of them, follicle-stimulating hormone, is responsible for the proper development and formation of the egg in the ovarian follicles. The question often arises: what are the follicles in the ovaries and how do they look? The follicle is a small vial in which there is an egg cell. It stimulates the release of the egg into the abdominal cavity at the moment when it is ready for fertilization. This process is called ovulation.

When it became clear what the ovaries are, consider the main diseases that can threaten this organ.

Today, unfortunately, diseases of the ovaries are a very common pathology. The first (but not always the only true) sign of ovarian disease is a violation of the menstrual cycle, which can be expressed as a complete absence of menstruation (amenorrhea), a decrease or, on the contrary, an increase in the amount of discharge, as well as movement of the periods of menstruation.

What is an ovarian cyst

Ovarian cyst is one of the most common diseases. May occur at any age. Cysts can be single and multiple, ranging from 1.5 to 7 centimeters or more in diameter. Single cysts, as a rule, are formed as a result of the fact that the follicle, after the maturation of the egg in it is completed, for some reason does not break, but remains intact. When this occurs, the stretching of its walls, and in the lumen of the fluid accumulates. Multiple cysts are formed as a result of inflammatory processes in the ovaries.

As a rule, small cysts do not give any subjective symptoms. Only with their considerable size or the occurrence of complications may the appearance of pain.

What is polycystic ovary

Polycystic is a disease when a large number of cysts develop in the ovaries. In the development of polycystosis, malfunctions in the work of not only the ovaries, but also such complex glands as the pancreas, adrenal glands, pituitary, hypothalamus play a role. There is a violation of the entire hormonal system of the woman’s body. A large number of small (up to 1 cm) cysts filled with fluid appear in the ovaries. The disease is not so common (occurs in 4 - 8% of cases), but dangerous because of the possible development of infertility.

What is ovarian dysfunction

This term refers to a wide range of different symptoms and diseases. The main cause of ovarian dysfunction is a violation of their hormone function. Luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormones begin to be produced in insufficient quantities, which leads to a violation or complete cessation of menstruation. Like polycystic, the disease is dangerous development of infertility, as well as uterine fibroids, cancer of the uterus and mammary glands.

Reproductive system is one of the important systems of the body. It is she who gives rise to a new life.Therefore, in case of any violations in the work of the reproductive system, competent consultation of a specialist is necessary. And remember: it is much easier to prevent the development of the disease than to treat it!