What are the customs?
Customs are the rules of behavior of people in a given life situation that are historically established in a particular locality (or among a certain community).
What are the customs
Depending on which particular event in human life they are attached to, all folk customs can be divided into the following large groups:
- wedding customs;
- funeral customs;
- customs for the baptism of the child;
- festive customs (among them are the customs of celebrating church and folk festivals - Easter, Trinity, Ivan Kupala Day, Christmas Market, Carnival, etc.);
- customs to bookmark a new home;
- customs associated with planting and harvesting.
- The wedding in Russia is preceded by a number of customs. Every wedding begins with the bride's show. After the bridegroom, matchmakers are sent to the bride's house. After the matchmakers agree on the dowry and receive consent from the bride's parents, the wedding day is appointed. On the day before the wedding, the hen party is arranged. During a meeting with her friends, the bride says goodbye to her former unmarried life.
- On the first day of the wedding in the morning, the bride, under the plaintive melodies of her friends, puts on a wedding dress. The groom's boyfriend comes to her house to find out if the young is ready for the wedding.
- After this visit, the bridegroom with matchmakers arrives at the bride's house and the integral part of the wedding action, the redemption ceremony, begins today. The bridesmaids flatly refuse to give the future spouse to the groom, give him and the matchmakers comic riddles and demand ransom for the entrance to the house and the bride herself. All this fun ends with the fact that the groom gives the girlfriends money and sweets, takes his bride and takes her to the altar.
- From the church, the newly-made husband takes the young spouse to his house, where they are met on the threshold by the groom's parents with an icon, and a loaf in their hands. After receiving the parental blessing, a young married couple enters the house, they are seated at a central place at the table and give them gifts. Then begins a rich and long wedding feast.
- The body of the deceased person is washed immediately after his death. Older widowed women do this. Ablution can be done only in the daytime.
- In the house where there is a dead man, all mirrors are covered with a dark cloth.
- While in the house the dead person lies in it do not sweep the floor and do not erase things.
- The dead are taken out of the house with their feet forward.
- When he is carried to the cemetery, in no case do they cross the road before the funeral procession.
- After the funeral in the repose of the soul of the deceased, they hold a rant (wake).
- In the evening after the funeral in the whole house be sure to wash the floor.
- Children try to rake in the time interval, starting from the eighth and ending with the fortieth day after birth.
- Godmother's mother and father can not be a husband and wife.
- On the day of baptism, the godfather gives the baby a cross and the Holy Bible, the godmother gives a kryzhma - an embroidered and lace-trimmed long white shirt.
- After baptism, a festive dinner is surely arranged with a large number of sweets - candied nuts, sweets, cookies and buns. The main treat of this meal is baptismal porridge - buckwheat, boiled in milk and thickly flavored with butter and honey.
The number of holidays is so great, and holiday customs are so diverse that it is simply impossible to describe them all in detail in a small article. Therefore, we will tell only about the most famous of them.
- At Easter, they bake cakes, paint eggs and make Easter cheese curds.
- On Easter morning, people watch the “sun play”. On the hillock they are waiting for the sunrise and they are looking at the solar disk rising from the horizon through the smoked glass. It is believed that on this festive morning the sun scatters rays, sparkling with all the colors of the rainbow.
- On the Trinity in the church, green branches of trees and bouquets of wild flowers are consecrated and they abundantly decorate dwellings with them.
- On the night of Ivan Kupala, for cleansing from evil spirits, they jump over the fire and splash in open ponds. In Ivanov's day, medicinal herbs are collected, which, according to popular belief, at this time they acquire a special healing power.