Unconditioned reflexes of dogs
On the basis of modern data, unconditioned reflexes of dogs are classified according to the form of their manifestation: simple and complex reflex acts, behavioral responses and instincts. According to physiological functions, unconditioned reflexes can be classified into the following: food, motor, defensive, indicative, research, search, sex, parental, playful, imitative, affection, group-group and others.
Unconditioned reflexes of dogs are species, stereotyped, genetically fixed acts of the organism's behavior on stimuli. They are caused by both external stimuli and stimuli coming from the body. Breathing, sucking, urination, defecation, etc. Are unconditioned reflex acts of behavior, and the irritations that cause them are mainly from the internal organs (a full bladder causes urination, the presence of feces in the rectum causes attempts, etc.). As the dog grows and matures, a number of other more complex acts of behavior appear.These include, for example, sex. The presence of a bitch in a state of estrus (in a pustovka) near the dog causes an unconditionally-reflex sexual reaction (sexual behavior) in the dog. The dog does not specifically learn this reflex behavioral act, it begins to manifest itself in an animal during puberty in response to a certain stimulus. The whole difference between the sexual reflex and the paw withdrawal reflex during pain stimulation in varying degrees of difficulty. Therefore, unconditional acts can be divided, depending on the degree of their complexity, into simple and complex ones. The manifestation of a complex unconditional act involves a number of simple unconditioned-reflex behavioral acts. So, for example, the nutritional unconditioned-reflex reaction of a puppy is carried out with the participation of a number of simpler unconditional acts: sucking, swallowing movements, reflex activity of the salivary glands and the glands of the stomach. In this case, one unconditioned-reflex behavioral act is a stimulus for the manifestation of the next, that is, a chain of unconditioned-reflex behavioral acts is performed.
The chain of behaviors consists of the following links: first, the unconditioned food reflex, aimed at providing the body with food,secondly, the sexual unconditioned reflex aimed at reproducing offspring; parent (or maternal) reflex aimed at preserving offspring, and thirdly - a defensive reflex associated with the protection of the body.