The main ways to treat kidney sand
Sand in the kidneys is a fairly common problem. But it can be solved if it is timely to detect and begin to act.
Why does sand form in the kidneys?
Sand in the kidneys is a conditional term that encompasses any small solid components that settle and linger in these important paired organs. They can be formed from various substances, such as oxalates, phosphates, urates and many others. Most often, sand is formed from salts, which are products of metabolic processes and reactions occurring in the human body.
The reasons for the formation of kidney stones can be varied:
- conditions and diseases provoking disturbances of urine outflow, for example, prostate adenoma, prostatic hypertrophy, ureteral obstruction;
- the use of certain medication, such as diuretics or corticosteroids;
- renal failure;
- inflammatory diseases of the kidneys: nephritis, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis;
- unbalanced diet, provoking an excess of some substances and a shortage of others;
- metabolic disorders;
- infectious diseases of the urinary system;
- abuse of mineral waters with high mineralization or their uncontrolled and rash use;
- hereditary predisposition (often sand in the kidney is found in members of the same family or immediate relatives);
- gynecological diseases in women;
- prolonged immobilization, that is, a stay in a stationary state after a surgical procedure or severe trauma;
- prolonged and stable dehydration, non-compliance with the drinking regime;
- alcohol abuse;
- hypodynamia, sedentary lifestyle.
How to identify?
Often, the sand in the kidneys for a long time remains unnoticed and is detected accidentally during routine medical examination or when referring to a specialist for other reasons. But if the components are large and contained in large quantities, then the following symptoms may signal:
- The content of pathological components in the urine causes a change in its composition and color: turbidity, blood veins, any impurities, significant darkening.
- Due to irritation of the mucous membranes caused by the movement of sand grains along the urinary tract, discomfort occurs during urination: cramps, burning, severe discomfort, soreness, intermittent jets and others. Frequent urging to urinate is also likely, even after complete emptying of the bladder.
- Pain, localized mainly in the lower back (on both sides or only with one). They can be aching, dull or sharp and sharp if the sand irritates the walls of the kidneys.
- Sand can provoke inflammation, which will be accompanied by a feverish state (fever or chills), an increase in body temperature. Symptoms of intoxication are likely: headaches, weakness, loss of appetite, and so on.
- Due to the impossibility of timely excretion of urine, edema can be observed: first in the limbs, and then practically throughout the body.
An exact diagnosis can only be made by a doctor, so be sure to contact him if you experience any alarming symptoms. Various diagnostic procedures are used to detect sand in the kidneys:
- Ultrasound.Such a study is not always effective, as it does not allow to detect small components.
- Radiographic research is a fairly accurate method, but it requires special training and compliance with some rules.
- Radioisotope nephroscintigraphy (radionuclide scanning) is an effective method of radiation diagnosis used to detect various diseases of the kidneys.
- Analysis of urine. Such a study makes it possible to detect even the smallest particles due to microscopic analysis.
- Excretory urography is one of the types of X-ray studies.
How to treat sand in the kidneys? Effective therapy involves directly affecting the causes of the problem and may include several areas that are discussed in detail below.
For removing stones from the kidneys, various medical preparations are used to dissolve the components, normalize the excretion of urine, and alleviate inflammatory processes. In some cases, several means are required.Diuretics, anti-inflammatory drugs are often used for treatment.
The safest, but at the same time, effective plant-based products are effective: Cyston, Canephron, Urolesan, Fitolysin and others. But even natural products can only be recommended by a specialist after an examination, since they all have contraindications and side effects.
It is important to know: drug treatment is effective only with small sizes of sand elements, not exceeding 3-4 millimeters.
Physiotherapy methods, such as shock wave therapy (lithotripsy), are widely used to treat sand in the kidneys, which literally breaks up grains of sand and facilitates their removal from the kidneys naturally. But for complete recovery may require several procedures.
An important direction of therapy is a balanced diet. In some cases, a diet may be required, which is compiled by the doctor individually, taking into account the patient’s condition and the composition of the sand in the kidneys. So, in the presence of oxalates, the rejection of cocoa, tomatoes and all acidic products is required.With the predominance of urates in the sand, the consumption of meat, salt and legumes is minimized. When phosphates are banned strong meat broths and dairy products.
It is important to observe the drinking regime in order to improve the work of the kidneys and facilitate the exit, as well as the dissolution of the sand. A healthy person should drink at least two liters of liquid per day, with mostly pure water or herbal tea.
You can use folk remedies:
- Berry fruit drinks are useful, for example, from cranberries, raspberries, sea buckthorn. They contribute to the timely removal of urine.
- Effectively treating with plants and herbs, such as cowberry leaves, birch buds, dill, and St. John's wort. Of these, teas or decoctions are prepared.
- In some cases it is useful to use mineral water, which is selected based on the composition of the sand.
Prevention of sand in the kidney involves a balanced diet, a healthy and active lifestyle, due attention to water quality, as well as careful attention to your health and timely completion of routine examinations.
Sand in the kidneys is not a verdict. Such a problem is completely solvable, if we discover it in time and begin to act purposefully, effectively and comprehensively.