Simple automatic watering system

This system of auto watering plants can make anyone, without knowledge of electronics, and even not able to solder the radio elements. The system uses ready-made devices that you just need to connect in a certain sequence and enjoy the result of automatic watering.
Simple automatic irrigation system
You can assemble this simple innovation in no more than one hour, but you need to order or buy all the elements of the system.

Advantages of the automatic irrigation system

  • - Simplicity, which means reliability.
  • - Pretty low cost compared to industrial counterparts.
  • - The isolated system with a galvanic outcome on tension. That is, if water gets on the valve and you touch the hoses - no electric shock will occur.
  • - It is possible to power the entire system from 12 volts (and not as now from 220 V).And feed all autonomously from the battery. And to charge the battery with solar panels or a wind generator, but this is all in the future in my plans ...
I used an electromagnetic valve in the system. There are some advantages: - In case of a sudden blackout, your section will not flood with water, as the valve closes, unlike electromechanical. - Easy to operate. There is voltage - the valve is open, there is no voltage - the valve is closed. It's simple. And you need to be able to control the electromechanical. For the system to work: a free socket with a voltage of 220 V and plumbing.

Materials:


Electromagnetic valve 12 V.

Simple automatic irrigation system

All system components and necessary tools

Simple automatic irrigation system

Garden hose

Simple automatic watering system

Build an automatic watering system on a schedule

The system works like this: that the timer is connected to an AC network with a voltage of 220 V It controls the operation of the adapter included in it.And according to the set schedule, it turns on or off the power adapter, the load of which in turn is a solenoid valve. The central water supply is connected to the valve, and as soon as the valve opens, all pressure rushes into the garden hose and splashes through the sprayer to the area. You can connect a few more sprinklers through the tee if you need to water a large area of ​​the garden plot.

Now let's go directly to the assembly

In fact, it is to put the valve between the soda hose and water supply, connect the power supply unit to the valve and plug everything into the network. It's simple, without unnecessary trouble. Of course, you can cut the wire from the adapter and immediately screw it to the valve, but I have a good distance from the valve to the outlet. Therefore, I will extend the 12 volt circuit.
Simple automatic watering system
Simple automatic watering system
Simple automatic systemwatering
Simple automatic watering system
 Simple Automatic Watering System
 Simple system automatic watering
I connect the wire to the power supply. I connect the terminals to the second end and then I connect to the valve.
 Simple Automatic Watering System
Simple automatic watering system

Then, fasten the adapter to the water supply.
 Simple automatic watering system
 Simple automatic watering system
 Simple automatic watering system
Simple automatic watering system
I screw the adapter onto the garden hose to the second end. It is advisable to provide an additional ball valve or valve between the valve and the water supply so that the water supply system can be blocked in case of unforeseen circumstances.
Simple automatic watering system
Simple automatic watering system
Simple automatic watering system
Simple automatic irrigation system
We unwind the hose, connect it to the sprinkler and place it on the irrigation section.
Simple automatic watering system
Simple automatic watering system

Setting the timer

The system is ready. Go to setting the timer.
Simple automatic irrigation system
You need to water our beds in the morning and evening, before the heat and after. I set the timer to 5 am, when the sun is still low and at 10 pm, when the sun has set. Watering time depends on the pressure of the water and may lie within 15-40 minutes.
Simple automatic watering system
As a result, it did not take much time and labor to assemble and configure. If you, after reading this article, also decided to build this miracle, then ready-made timers with built-in valves and self-powered power supply appeared on the market,which of course I did not know when I assembled the system. Here they are. They are powered by batteries.
Electronic timer
But my homemade system has poles: you can control the watering from home, not from the basement where the timer is usually set. Any of the presented systems has a disadvantage: the system still needs to be controlled, because if it rains heavily, it will still turn on and flood the beds even more.

The result of the automatic watering system

The system is simple, automatic, cheap, expandable, supplemented . For example, you can supplement the system with a pump and do not water the plants with tap water, but with rain water from a barrel or other container.