How to set up the camera?

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How to set up the camera?

One of the main problems of a novice photographer is to set up the camera correctly. When buying a new camera, it is sometimes not at all easy to understand the huge number of settings that exist in a modern SLR camera. However, if you slightly understand the problem, it turns out that there are not many main parameters in the camera and they are all the same for any camera brand. In this article we will look at how to properly configure the camera, namely canon, fujifilm, nikon and sony. General recommendations can be made for these cameras.

In order to properly configure the camera, you must configure the main components:

  • exposure;
  • focusing;
  • photosensitivity;
  • white balance.


For a photographer, exposure is the amount of light that hits the matrix per unit of time. It is the exposition that is responsible for how bright, dark, saturated the photo will be. The exposition is divided into two components:

  • endurance;
  • aperture.

Sometimes these two parameters are also called expoparo.


Exposure - the time during which the light falls on the matrix of our camera. Exposure distinguish two types:

  • Shutter speed and apertureshort;
  • long.

Short exposure

With the help of a short exposure most often photograph the process of movement. For example, take a shutter speed of 1/600 seconds. With such an exposure, you can easily remove even a bird in flight, while the photo will be clear and sharp.

Long exposure

Long exposure is mainly used in low light. In a simplified form, we can say that when using a long exposure, the lens does not take a snapshot, but “peers” at the object. For example, for shooting a night city, a shutter speed of 7 seconds can be used. Fixed objects appear clearly, and, for example, the headlights of cars will turn into luminous stripes. It should be remembered that with a shutter speed of 1 \ 2 seconds and above, you only need to shoot with a tripod.

Exposure in modern cameras is indicated in seconds. On average, from 1 \ 8000 to 30 seconds. Shutter speeds longer than 30 seconds are set manually.


The second component of the exposure is the diaphragm. The aperture is responsible for the amount of light that falls on the matrix, passing through the camera lens.

Aperture is not only a term, in the first place it is a detail of the lens.It looks like petals that form a hole in the center of the lens. The larger the opening, the smaller the diaphragm.

The diaphragm is designated by a number with a Latin letter “f” in front of it. For example, f2.8, f 5.6, f 16.

In general, the ex-pair works by the simple principle: the higher the aperture, the longer the shutter speed should be.

Under the same lighting conditions, the exposure can vary depending on what you are shooting. For example, if in order to remove an athlete in motion, you need an aperture of f2.8 and an exposure of 1/640, then for a landscape it will work under the same conditions, f8 and 1 \ 100, respectively.

Focusing or focusing

The camera focuses using the lens focus ring. Generally acceptedFocusingIt is considered a rule when the person or object that you are photographing looks as sharp and clear as possible. In scientific terms, the subject should be in the center of the FLU - depth of field of the depicted space.

In addition to manual focusing in the camera there is an automatic mode. It can be at the center of the frame (center point) or at different points in the frame for choosing a camera. This parameter is set in the camera control menu.

Camera light sensitivity

In order to configure the camera, you must also remember about photosensitivity. Photosensitivity of the camera, or ISO - another important settingLight sensitivitycamera. It is exhibited in the digital camera as well. The principle is not complicated - the higher the ISO, the slower the shutter speed. But there is one important detail. At high photosensitivity index, the quality of the photo decreases, so-called “noises” appear on the image.

For modern SLR cameras, ISO can be raised to 1600. This will provide an acceptable image quality, but only. The optimal ISO values ​​for any camera are the numbers from 100 to 200.

Remember that it is always better to choose the optimal value of the exposure, in this case, the sensitivity will have to be increased minimally. And this will best affect the quality of the photo.

White balance

In order to properly configure the camera, you need to configure one more parameter - white balance. White balance is inextricably linked with the concept of color temperature. It is not necessary for us to delve into this concept, it is enough to remember that shades of red are considered “warm”, and “cool” - blue.White balance

The problem is that with different lighting the same subject in the photo may look different. Rather, different shades of color will be.

Any modern camera has built-in white balance settings for different types of lighting. As a rule, these are: “automatic mode”, “sunny”, “cloudy”, “incandescent lamp”, “fluorescent lamp”, “flash operation”.

Manual White Balance

However, it may happen that none of these modes will work for you and you will have to adjust the white balance manually. This is done like this:

  1. Prepare a white sheet of paper.
  2. Enter the settings menu of your camera and select the “Manual White Balance” option.
  3. Place the lens on a sheet so that it fills the entire frame.
  4. Press the white balance button and hold the camera in this position for 2 seconds.
  5. All manual adjustment of white balance is over.