Hospice - what is it?
Hospice is a public institution that provides care for seriously ill people, facilitates their mental as well as physical condition.
People come to the hospice to live out their lives, who, unfortunately, should soon part with it (for example, lonely old people, patients with advanced cancer). Death in itself is a terrible thing, but to meet death alone is even worse, and when you are surrounded by care and attention, it becomes not so lonely and painful. Of course, hospices are not a place of death, the staff helps seriously ill patients to deal with the disease, to live as if everything was fine.
The hospice movement is widespread in the world. Such places can be found in almost all major cities.
Hospices provide palliative care. It provides comfort as well as support for patients at those stages of the disease when treatment is no longer able to bring effect. In such situations, the elimination of pain along with the solution of other problems is of great importance. Hospices monitor each patient in order to improve the quality of his life.Palliative measures are not aimed at radical relief from the disease, but at reducing body damage and eliminating symptoms. They are able to solve several problems:
- reduction of pain;
- moral support;
- the introduction of a system that allows the patient to extend an active life;
- help to the patient's family.
Hospice is selected in accordance with the characteristics of the disease, it can be an outpatient or inpatient institution. Assistance may also be provided in day care or nursing services. The latter performs the necessary activities, going to the patient's house, since it is impossible to hospitalize all seriously ill patients.
Patients enter hospices in the direction issued by an oncologist or another doctor on the basis of:
- the presence of cancer, which is confirmed by special documents;
- the presence of pain that cannot be eliminated under normal conditions;
- the presence of other evidence;
- inability to stay at home.
The main objects of care are the patient, as well as his household. Patient care is provided by qualified personnel and specially trained volunteer assistants.All help is made with preservation of the intellectual abilities and consciousness of the patient at the highest possible level. Hospices strive to provide the best conditions. Physical comfort becomes possible through the creation of conditions that are close to the usual. To achieve psychological comfort, the staff provides an individual approach to the patient, taking into account his religious preferences and other needs.
Hospice funding is provided by the state, charities, as well as citizens and public organizations with donations. That is why the services of these institutions are free for people living in the assigned territories. Currently, most hospices have paid offices or provide paid services.
The system of such institutions provides assistance to seriously ill people, facilitating their condition.